Lagging Black and Latino Students Pressurizing Politics of No Child Left Behind

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By Jim Allen, Editor, Nu Vote Reach and DC Politics Examiner.com

The Virginia State Board of Education is doing its level best to deal with some of the unrealistic mandates of the President George W. Bush administration’s No Child Left Behind (NCLB) ACT of 2001; intended to improve the educational achievement metrics of students and teachers in K-12 US public school systems. NCLB pushes states to compete for Department of Education funding, rather than automatically receiving it based on a formula; and the controversial “teach-to-the-test” model highlighted by NCLB has not resulted in a marked improvement across all demographics in test scores and many stakeholders are unsettled over the whole matter.

Teaching to the test essentially evaluates so-called “value-added” (VA) teachers based on their students’ standardized test scores. In a study by Harvard and Columbia University scholars, published in January 2012, “The Long-Term Impacts of Teachers: Teacher Value-Added and Students’ Outcomes in Adulthood,” the researchers track one million children from a large urban school district from 4th grade through to adulthood.

The study asks, ‘does VA accurately measure teachers’ impacts on scores or does it wrongly penalize teachers who may routinely work with lower achieving students?’ They also analyzed VA teachers’ impacts on students’ long-term outcomes.

“We find that when a high VA teacher joins a school, test scores rise immediately in the grade taught by that teacher; when a high VA teacher leaves, test scores fall,” wrote the researchers.

Moreover, “students assigned to higher VA teachers are more successful in many dimensions. They are more likely to higher salaries, live in better neighborhoods, and save more for retirement,” the study continues.

The study concludes that great teachers create great value and that test-score metrics are helpful in recognizing such teachers. However, they say the jury is still out in determining how best to use VA to structure education policy.

Because the US Congress failed to update the NCLB Law, President Barack Obama in September 2012 introduced a plan to allow states to opt out of the requirement that all children be proficient in reading and math, as measured by standardized testing, by 2014, if states meet conditions such as setting standards to prepare students for college and careers and setting performance-review standards for teachers and principals.

In order to meet President Obama’s NCLB opt-out requirements, the Virginia State Board of Education, after looking at the passing rates of students by ethnic group, drafted a controversial new set of education goals that are higher for white and Asian kids than for Afro-Americans, Latinos and students with disabilities.

For example, in math, the passing rate is 82 percent for Asian students, 68 percent for whites, 52 percent for Latinos, 45 percent for Afro-Americans and 33 percent for kids with disabilities.

At a September meeting of the state board of education, Patricia Wright, Virginia’s superintendent of public instruction, defended the policy.

“Rest assured, all of us hold all students to the same academic standards, but when it comes to measuring progress, we have to consider that students start at different points,” Wright said.

“The concept here is that if indeed within six years we can close the achievement gap between the lowest- and highest-performing schools — at least cut it in half — that would be acceptable progress,” Wright later told NPR.

Afro-Americans and Latinos do not do as well as white and Asian children on standardized tests, and that achievement gap is “what the new policy is meant to address by setting more modest goals for struggling minority children and giving them more time to catch up,” NPR reports.

“So why do we have these different subgroups? Because we’re starting with black children where they are,” said Winsome Sears, one of three Afro-American board members at a meeting last month.

“We can’t start them at the 82 percentile because they’re not there. The Asian students are there. And so the real question is why aren’t black students starting at the 82 percentile? Why? Why are they not there?” Sears said.

Thirty-three states have received such waivers of NCLB pipe dreaming performance mandates that all children perform at grade level by 2014.

This columnist, yours truly, was born an Afro-American male in Virginia (my January 1956-vintage birth certificate actually designates me as “colored”). Before the 9th grade, I attended 5 different segregated elementary and/or middle schools in Portsmouth and/or Norfolk, Virginia Public Schools – a few were crumbling – until forced busing was implemented in Norfolk (1970). I was then bused to a white junior high school for one year; and then bused to a black high school, because we moved to a white neighborhood – that whole zip code thing.

My SAT scores ranked high, state-wide and nationally – and I was not alone and was no genius.

What has changed?

I need to sleep on this.

End of Part One

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About Jim Allen, Founder/Editor, NuVote Reach

Currently serving as Chief Operating Officer of Alejo Media, emerging as one of Washington, D.C.’s most artistic and innovative video production and post-production media companies. Previously, as Director of News and Media Services at the American Institute of Physics, he led the creation of the InsideScience.org news platform, which includes Inside Science TV. He also previously served as Media Director, Energy NOW! and Clean Skies TV and as Special Reports Editor/Media Relations Director at The Hill newspaper. Jim has served in various executive, business development and/or programming roles for a number of media concerns including CBS Radio/Television, Radio One Inc. and the Los Angeles Times. Since 1995, he has been a contributor to the Reporters Notebook news roundtable program on NBC 4 TV, DC. He earned a music scholarship to Delaware State University, a Bachelor of Arts in English/Television Production at Virginia State University and, from 2003-2007, attended Concord University School of Law. His commendations include the Washington, DC Teachers' Union Media Relations Award and shared an American Academy of Nursing National Media Award. Jim also chairs a development task force for the faith-based, non-profit House of Help/City of Hope, founded and led by Bishop Dr. Shirley Holloway, which has provided substance abuse, mental health and continuing education programs and transitional housing for tens of thousands of homeless (and battered) women, families and men (including ex-offenders) at its shelter and treatment facilities in Washington, DC and Prince George’s and Charles Counties, MD.
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6 Responses to Lagging Black and Latino Students Pressurizing Politics of No Child Left Behind

  1. This is such a strange twist to the NCLB Act. Along with teaching to the test, it should have been foreseen that tying money to performance would lead to shortcut thinking. I hope Virginia is challenged on this, but am glad they did something so preposterous because the conversation needs to be opened up to not just issues of race, but of socioeconomic status and parental literacy. They won’t be able to find a solution to education gaps if they keep pointing at the wrong problem. Your posts are thought-provoking and I look forward to reading more. Thanks!

  2. merifully says:

    I’m winded. I can’t believe that we (okay, I am a Virginian by birth) would just say, “Oh, these kids can’t perform as well. Oh, well.” Scaffolding belongs in the classroom, not on the house floor. Cringing, cringing, cringing. I hope people are kicking and screaming, if they even know about it.

  3. bpaul says:

    It was either Walter Williams or Thomas Sowell or both that wrote and/or spoke about “what has changed” in the American educational system since they were young. I can’t remember what they said, but maybe you had similar experiences to what they brought up.

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